Avoiding clashing points in cycle parking

Avoiding clashing points when installing a bicycle parking facility is an important but often overlooked factor. A clashing point is where a part of a bicycle, usually the handlebars clashes with an object, or another bicycle.

Clashing points are caused when bicycles are parked too close together, or too close to an obstruction such as a pillar or services running along a ceiling. 

These can be avoided by properly considering the size of bicycles that will be stored in the unit. See our previous posts on bicycle height and rack spacing for further detail on this. Clashing points are most common on Sheffield hoops positioned too close together. The best systems for avoiding clashing points feature dedicated parking spaces, such as a properly designed two-tier rack or our Cobra cycle rack.

If you have any further questions or concerns when planning a bicycle store, do not hesitate to contact us.

Public Bike Pump Cost?

The most cost-effective installation for this type of cycling infrastructure is a stand alone bicycle pump, increasing in cost to repair stands and fully integrated repair stations with pumps. Prices vary significantly dependant on options, from a few hundred pounds to upwards of a thousand for a high-specification, fully-integrated solution in stainless steel.

Repair stations and pumps are delivered fully assembled and built up ready to bolt into a suitable surface. We always recommend that a pump or repair stand is bolted into a concrete base or secure paving slabs. Tarmac is not a secure enough surface on which to install a unit, and additional costs may be involved if a concrete pad is required for which to secure a pump or station. For a detailed quotation and proposal contact Turvec about our cycling infrastructure products. 


Bicycle Parking CAD Blocks

Turvec Solutions are specialists in the design of functional and space efficient bicycle parking facilities. We assist clients and architects with the planning of bicycle storage every day, and we have a large CAD library of blocks for our bicycle racks, stands and shelters. 

If you require a DWG file for a product or a bespoke solution, we can provide a CAD block for use in your drawing, or produce a recommended layout of our own. Contact our design team for more information on this service or to be sent our CAD files. We can also assist with the planning of projects in BIM. We are in the process of creating BIM files for all of our bicycle parking solutions, if the product you require is not currently in our BIM library we are able to send BIM compatible SAT files.

Visit our project planning page for more information on Turvec's design service. 

The Folding Bike Locker

Folding bikes are now a common site in towns and cities, a popular commuter bike they make multi-modal journeys simple, allowing cyclists to take their bike onto a train or bus, continuing their journey at each end on two wheels. Although these innovative designs bring security benefits, as the bike can be taken with a cyclist wherever they go, it is a more appealing prospect to have a purpose built facility in which to store the bike at the end of a journey.

Folding bike lockers are therefore a great solution, providing a lockable compartment to store a bicycle, helmet and kit bag. They are a necessity in a bike store if the needs of all cyclists are to be accommodated. A space-saving solution, they are supplied in stacks of three, parking three bikes in a relatively small footprint and can be integrated with existing key fobs or electronic lock systems for consistency across a site. 

Cycle parking dimensions

When planning the layout of a cycle store, the determining factor for spacing is the size of a bicycle. Internationally recognised standards for the size of a bicycle are as follows:

1800mm long, 1200mm high and 700mm wide.

Although a number of bicycle designs are smaller than this, when designing a store there should always be allowance for bicycles of all sizes or a parking space cannot be considered to have been provided.

To accommodate bicycles in a higher density format than the width that handlebars require, spaces must be staggered in a high-low positioning to prevent 'clashing points'. The higher space should be 200-300mm higher than the lower space, this will prevent handlebar clashes and allow bicycles to be parked closer together, saving space.

From this data, it can be calculated that two-tier racks require a minimum height of 2600mm. If one large bicycle is parked above another (2400mm) the next space in the row must be staggered higher than the last to prevent clashing points as discussed above. This data determines the ceiling height required for double-stacker parking to be 2600mm.

If you have any questions regarding cycle parking dimensions for your project contact a member of our team for advice and planning assistance.


Cycle parking design guidance

There are a number of reputable cycle parking design guides online. We have included links to the most commonly referenced below.

When working from one of these guidelines, remember that not every product specification is equivalent in each 'category'. Two-tier cycle parking for example will often feature generic guidance about spacing or loading meters, however there are significant variations in specification and requirements for these racks. The manufacturer or supplier should always be consulted for detailed recommendations on layouts and design rather than relying solely on a design guide.

Since some of these guidances were written, two-tier racks have developed significantly and gas-assisted lifting is now widely available, this means the racks are far more accessible than early double height systems.

Find below commonly referred cycle parking design guidance:


Office cycle storage

Recent Savills research highlighted the importance of cycle storage in the workplace. In London 25% of workers consider it important, outside of London this figure is 6% lower. 

Bicycle parking is a necessity in modern workplaces due to a large number of people already cycling to work. Alongside the cycle racks, further steps can be taken to ensure that the facilities provided are of a high-quality to encourage more employees to get on their bikes.


When a cyclist arrives at the workplace, they need somewhere to store their helmet and clothing. There are a number of steel and plastic lockers available and the provision of kit storage ensures cyclists don't need to store used cycling clothes under their desk. 


Showers are essential when planning an office cycle facility, especially if employees are cycling a long distance to work. Take into account how close the shower facilities and changing rooms are to the cycle racks and lockers. 


Office cycle stores are often in the basement of buildings. How will cyclists gain access to the cycle store? This can be achieved through ramp access or a lift capable of taking a number of bicycles. A great example of this is the Alphabeta building, where cyclists ride into the building, down a ramp and into the cycle store. 

Air & Repair

An additional piece of infrastructure that should be considered for office cycle parking is a cycle repair station and pump. Cycle repair stations include a range of tools for tuning and repairing bicycles and often include an integrated pump. Repair stations can boost confidence in cycling as a reliable mode of travel to and from the office.

Alphabeta building: Image credit www.dezeen.com

Alphabeta building: Image credit www.dezeen.com

Double height bike storage

Double height cycle racks are a great option when faced with limited space to store a large number of bicycles. Double height storage positions one bicycle directly on top of another, doubling the parking capacity of an area.

This space saving benefit is achieved through a pull down tray on which a cyclist can load their bicycle, lifting the tray back onto the upper tier. 

These systems have been criticised as difficult to use as some cyclists struggle to lift their bicycle onto the upper tier. A method of preventing this difficulty is to select a system with gas-assisted lifting, this is available on a number of two-tier racks and the addition means anyone can use the top level, as the weight of their bicycle is carried by the gas spring.

Click here for our user demonstration video for the 2ParkUp.

Bike parking space dimensions

UK bicycles vary significantly in size and style. Working from our recommended dimensions will provide a safe and usable space to park bicycles of all shapes and sizes. 

Length - 1800mm  Handlebar allowance - 750mm

When planning a bicycle store using space-saving racks such as our Cobra or 2ParkUp, the rack provides clearly defined parking spaces, and there are no concerns over whether enough space has been allocated (see our previous blog posts on required dimensions for these systems for more information).

However if Sheffield stands are being used in the cycle store, one must consider the dimensions required between each parking space. One bicycle can be parked either side of a single Sheffield stand.

We recommend 1000mm between each Sheffield stand for maximum usability. However, the London Cycling Design Standards from TFL increase this to 1200mm, and this may be appropriate in some circumstances. In some private cycle stores it may be acceptable to reduce this distance, and a toast rack will usually feature a distancing less than 1000mm. 

Every circumstance is different, contact us for more information or DWG blocks to aid in planning a cycle store.

Wall mounted bike racks

Hanging bikes on the wall is one of the most space-efficient cycle storage options available.

Although vertical bike racks are a great solution that can create more space in a bike store, they require a cyclist to bare the entire weight of their bicycle when lifting it onto wall. We always advise that vertical solutions are used alongside other more accessible cycle parking, such as Sheffield stands that can be used by cyclists of all abilities. 

Vertical bike racks vary in sophistication from simple wall hooks for your garage at home to more secure options used in public stores, where cyclists can lock both their wheel and frame to the rack. In communal bike stores a locking point should always be included. 

Appropriate loading distances must be taken into consideration when you are planning to park bicycles on a wall, this varies on a site to site basis (how may bikes are being stored? One or two rows?) a general guide of 1500mm to 2000mm is a good starting point. Contact our design team for more information on this relating to your site.

Where to locate new cycle parking

The location of new cycle parking is just as important as the choice of product. We advise that cycle parking should be;

  • Accessible

Cycle parking facilities should be designed with cyclists in mind. For example in basement stores stair ramps should be installed to prevent cyclists struggling to carry their bikes down the stairs. If a cycle store is access controlled, how will the cyclist use their access card to enter the store when wheeling their bike? Is the door wide enough to manoeuvre a bicycle through?

  • Visible

Cycle storage is often located outdoors, around the back of buildings or down a side passage. These unmonitored areas can raise cycle security concerns as bicycles can be tampered with out of sight. Preferably position new racks in full view of windows or off a busy street, if this is not possible security lighting and cameras should be considered. 

  • Covered

Ideally all cycle parking should be covered, it's better for the longevity of bikes and a lot more appealing for cyclists when they know their bicycle will remain dry when parked! Outdoor stores should be covered with a shelter, with different options available from open sided shelters to fully enclosed weatherproof units.

High-density cycle parking

When selecting a high-density cycle rack it is important to understand the different spacing options available and which of these options best suits your requirements. The dimensions below reflect the centre to centre distances between bicycle parking spaces in various systems.


One of the most common spacing options for semi vertical racks, the significant high-low differences between spaces means handlebars will not clash. Cyclists have to lift the full weight of their bicycle during loading and unloading, so take this into account when selecting a semi-vertical rack.


The most high-density spacing widely available on two-tier racks and a selection of single level systems. 375mm spacing prevents handlebars from clashing through high-low arrangement of spaces, but larger bicycles with panniers would not find this the most user-friendly arrangement.


This is the optimum spacing to accommodate bicycles of all sizes. If the area for the racks will permit 400mm spacing, we recommend it over 375mm for its added user-friendliness.


This larger spacing is available on a number of two-tier racks, and allows significant distance for cyclists to park their bicycles with no chance of the handlebars clashing between spaces. 

Bike rack specifications

Toast racks

Cycle toast racks are one of the most cost effective forms of cycle parking available. They comprise of a series of Sheffield stands bolted to a fixed rail to provide a number of parking spaces from a single fixed unit. 

High-density racks

There are various high-density racks available, such as the Turvec Mamba and Cobra. These racks provide clearly defined parking spots for bicycles, keeping them upright and secure in a space-saving layout.

Semi-vertical racks

Semi-vertical racks are a high capacity design that positions the bike on its rear wheel. Note that the user must lift their bicycle onto the rack, bearing the entire weight whilst doing so. 

Two-tier racks

These racks double stack bikes above one another to maximise the parking capacity of an area, the ideal solution for high capacity cycle storage.

Vertical racks

Vertical bike racks position bikes hanging on a wall, these can be difficult for some cyclists to use, so alternative more accessible parking should also be considered in the same store. 

Wheel holder racks

These should be avoided if possible. They offer limited security and can damage the front wheel of a bicycle as cyclists wedge them into the rack.

Cycle storage loading distances

To ensure cycle storage is both safe and easy to use, it is important to consider appropriate loading distances to park bicycles. If corridor widths are too small cyclists will find it difficult to manoeuvre their bicycle into position or pass each other in the store. 

Loading distances vary dependant on the product used and the context of the installation.

  • How many rows of cycle racks?
  • Where are the entrances to the cycle store?
  • What type of system is being installed? 

For example, in larger stores a greater corridor width would be recommended. With multiple rows of cycle racks it's more likely that cyclists would meet in the corridor whilst parking or collecting their bike, and therefore a larger aisle is required. 

Every circumstance is different, and a cycle store planning service should always be considered. A guideline aisle width for single level cycle storage is around 1500mm, two tier cycle rack guidelines can be found here

Small loading distances can deem cycle parking unsafe and unusable, if you have any doubts about the requirements for your new cycle parking, do not hesitate to contact us. 

Gas assisted two tier cycle stands

A gas spring bears the weight of a bicycle during the loading and unloading of the upper level on two tier cycle stands.

  • This important feature means that top tier parking spaces are accessible to cyclists of all abilities, as they are able to park their bicycle without having to physically lift it onto the upper level
  • Without a gas spring, some cyclists may struggle to load their bicycle into the parking space  
  • A gas spring also acts as a noise reducing feature. This is an issue that can arise with non-gas two tier systems when the lowering of trays can be very loud. 
  • Gas springs have a long lifespan, the 2ParkUp is tested to 20,000 movements with and without a bike, ensuring that the spring does not loose its strength over time.